This chapter also is available as a PDF file.
Hardcopy versions of the full report can be ordered from the the Global Change Research Information Office online catalog.
Press release (dated 20 September 2006)
Federal Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment Investment Portfolio for Fiscal Years 2005 and 2006, with Budget Request Information for Fiscal Year 2007, U.S. Climate Change Technology ProgramIn order for the U.S. Climate Change Technology Program (CCTP) to carry out its mission, it is necessary to assess on a periodic and continuing basis the adequacy of Federal investments in the CCTP-relevant research portfolio and make recommendations. A first step in this regard is to establish and maintain a current inventory, or baseline, of all the Federal research, development, demonstration and deployment (R&D) activities among the participating agencies relevant to the vision, mission, and goals of the CCTP. This baseline, and subsequent years of data, can be used to identify and track trends and other changes in the portfolio. It also serves as an index or guide to relevant Federal R&D investments and programs.
In 2003, the CCTP, Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and other agencies agreed on a set of classification criteria to identify R&D activities that would be included as part of the CCTP. These criteria are provided on page A-2. The baseline information for the Federal R&D budget shown in this Appendix are for Budget Authority as Enacted for Fiscal Years 2005 and 2006, and for the Administration's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 2007. For each year, respectively, the participating Federal agencies submitted budget data for R&D activities that meet the CCTP/OMB criteria. Table A-1 is a summary table for all participating agencies. This process is updated annually. Current versions of Table A-1 may be found at the CCTP Web site. 
This baseline activity and resulting portfolio contribute to and are consistent with the Congressional requirement that the President report annually on Federal climate change expenditures. The multi-agency R&D baseline for CCTP constitutes the technology component of OMB's Federal Climate Change Expenditures Report to Congress. 
A.1 Climate Change Technology Program Classification CriteriaResearch, development, and deployment activities  classified as part of the Climate Change Technology Program (CCTP) must be activities funded via discretionary accounts that are relevant to providing opportunities for:
A.2 Climate Change Technology Program Classification Example ActivitiesSpecific examples of climate change technology activities include, but are not limited to:
A.3 CCTP Participating Agencies, Budgets and RequestsIn the following budget table, data are provided on CCTP-related activities, per the criteria above, for Fiscal Years 2005 and 2006, and for the President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 2007, across all CCTP participating agencies. In each FY, budget data includes activities for CCTP-related research, development and demonstration (R&D).
 See http://www.climatetechnology.gov.
 Fiscal Year 2007 "Federal Climate Change Expenditures Report to Congress," April 2006. This report is an account of Federal spending for climate change programs and activities, both domestic and international. The report is provided annually to Congress.
 In this context, "research, development, demonstration, and deployment activities" is defined as: applied research; technology development and demonstration, including prototypes, scale-ups, and full-scale plants; technical activities in support of research objectives, including instrumentation, observation and monitoring equipment and systems; research and other activities undertaken in support of technology deployment, including research on codes and standards, safety, regulation, and on understanding factors affecting commercialization and deployment; supporting basic research addressing technical barriers to progress; activities associated with program direction; and related activities such as voluntary partnerships, technical assistance/capacity building, and technology demonstration programs that directly reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the near- and long-term.
 GHGs are gases in the Earth's atmosphere that vary in concentration and may contribute to long-term climate change. The most important GHG that arises from human activities is carbon dioxide (CO2), resulting mainly from the oxidation of carbon-containing fuels, materials or feedstocks; cement manufacture; or other chemical or industrial processes. Other GHGs include methane from landfills, mining, agricultural production, and natural gas systems; nitrous oxide (N2O) from industrial and agricultural activities; fluorine-containing halogenated substances (e.g., HFCs, PFCs); sulfur hexafluoride (SF6); and other GHGs from industrial sources. Gases falling under the purview of the Montreal Protocol are excluded from this definition of GHGs.
 This table is consistent with the Fiscal Year 2007 "Federal Climate Change Expenditures Report to Congress" prepared by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and published in April 2006. Minor differences, if any, are due to arithmetic corrections after the OMB report was finalized and due to differences in rounding.
 STATE and USAID activities are not included in the totals for CCTP, as they are associated expenditures promoting deployment and adoption of climate change technologies abroad. They are shown here for completeness to the extent that such activities are consistent with the criteria for inclusion in CCTP.